【例题】 你校将举办一次演讲比赛，主题为The Most Valuable Quality of a Man,请选择你认为“最可贵的素养”完成演讲稿，字数200左右。
第一，在格式上，演讲稿有开篇的“呼语”。有针对听众的称呼和招呼，比如：Good evening/morning/afternoon, ladies and gentleman/the honorable judges (if it is about a competition); distinguished guests; Dear fellow students/teachers (if it is addressed to the class or colleagues)等。同时，在文章第一和最后一段我们一般会鲜明地点出本演讲所需要阐述的主题，或是重申自己的观点。
The honorable judges, fellow class, my dear teachers, good morning! （呼语）
An advertisement always comes up in my mind that a couple living by the road side purposefully leave the balcony light on to light the way for the aged street cleaners. I remember this because to be considerate is the most valuable quality of a man. （一个故事开始）
Being considerate means offering care, love and aid. One can only achieve that when he is fully prepared. That aim pushes you study the knowledge of the world, observe the differences between cultures and master the practical ends. （论点1）
Being considerate means taking all factors into consideration. This is a golden quality for one to achieve anything grand in life, be it science or literature. （论点2）
And, being considerate is a good virtue always receiving one in return. While everyone is thinking in everyone else"s shoes, the room becomes spacious and we can reach more. （论点3）
When I was waiting back at the stage, the host of today offered me a glass of water. His consideration cures my sore throat and makes my argument of the day（又一个故事收尾）：Being considerate is the most valuable quality of a man. （总结，点题）
你参加了学校组织的演讲比赛，主题为“How to Go Green as a Student”，请为该环保主题完成演讲稿，字数200左右。
本文从文体上看，是标准的演讲稿，需要学生正确使用演讲稿的格式。从话题看，由学生的校园生活展开，给了学生在写作时“有话可说”的前提。同时还需要注意到题目中的两个要求：第一，“文化精髓”：对于只读案前书的学子而言，这个概念可能会成为障碍。限定“本校”，说明这里的文化精髓实际上要比设想的具体得多。它既可以是学校一直以来提倡的“人文精神”（patriotism, royalty, honesty）；“指导准则”（volunteer work, independent thinking）也可以是很具体的校园生活中的“闪光点”（friendship, teamwork, innovation）。第二，可以使用故事来证明，“本校有怎样的文化精髓”要求学生在文中显性地表述，避免含混不清（ambiguity）；所选择的故事需要和设定的“文化精髓”对齐（alignment），而实现这一目标的最佳手段就是“夹叙夹议”。比如我们一样是描写an unforgettable basketball game，如果对齐的内容是“teamwork”，那么选择的重点就应该是“How we cooperate with each other to overcome all the troubles”；反观如果对齐的是“all-rounded development”那么重点就是“How sports changes the life and makes a perfect man”.
校园文化：society; campus; community; extra-curriculum; feature, characteristics, symbol; broaden one"s horizon; versatile; a balanced life
故事相关：The story goes that; what leaves a deep print on my mind is that; it was on a … day; it could be a simple day but …
The honorable judges, fellow class, my dear teachers, good morning!
Two years of high school life has prepared me with not only academic knowledge but also an in-depth understanding of life. Teamwork stands in the core of true meanings in the culture on campus.
Nothing else but the “Personal Project” better carries the belief of cooperation. The first time one tries to complete a comprehensive project with mere classmate, chances are great that argument will rise between partners for distribution of ideas. This is what happened when we carry out(9) the survey on the personal feelings when(10) taking an underground. But after conflicts and consolidations, we realized since it was a genuine opportunity for our exposure to the society, we must learn to understand. Still there exist(11) disagreement or even argument, but they are just what takes(12) to find a common ground, where the shining ideas add value to one another — no one prevail on his own(13).
A school teaches and educates. We learn to be a man who is not just a scholar in mind but a social being who had the edges to live life to its full length. Learn to be a member of the community and that is the culture of my school.
（原上海市延安中学 高三 殷珺）
The honorable judges, fellow class, my dear teachers, good morning!
During my two years" life in school, I have always been taught the value of one man"s determination. Friends" models, teachers" encouragement and every scent you smell tells you: that is the core of our culture.
Being an average student in most science subject, I never dared make public my passion for robot. The same hesitation haunted me before I signed up for the competition of “Future Scientist” only to realize I lacked both the physics knowledge and logic approaches. But instead of falling laughing stock of the whole grade, I saw my teacher and classmates coming to my rescue.
“Are you sure this is what you want?”
“I have been making plans, drawing blueprints for 48 hours and I am not tired.”
So that"s it. Under their guidance and support, I made it to the finals. I challenged my teacher why he had such confidence in me.
“I believe in your determination, and that made me determined to see you through.”
A drop of water is nothing but the dying form of a mere vapor, while the Pacific is nothing but a grander pond of water. Only one difference makes the greatness: the determined course. That is rooted in the core of my school.
通常来说，组织说明文的依据有三种。首先是时间顺序，比如describe for us how to prepare a tea。其次为空间顺序比如新世纪英语中的Sydney Harbor Bridge。最后就是逻辑顺序。本文显然应该使用一定的逻辑联系词把自己能充当班长的理由连成整体。
与演讲相关的词汇包括比如Good morning/afternoon/evening ladies and gentleman; be honored to give a speech/make a brief self-introduction; May I take this opportunity of thanking you for coming; I am delighted/pleased/glad to have the opportunity to present/of making this presentation; My presentation concerns; My sincere thanks for your patience in my speech
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen.
I am very glad to have the chance to call for your support to gain the opportunity to serve(14) this class as the new monitor.
I confidently claim that I am your wise choice for the position(15) because I cherish all the qualities to be a good leader in the group.
I am open-minded and always ready to help anyone in need. You can always believe that whenever you show anxiety and worry, I will be there for you. Also, I am a good student both in academic performance and social practice. Meanwhile, I have rich resources of contact with students both in and out of our school. And thus we can enlarge the circle of communication.
When you choose me as your monitor, you choose a promising and different school life. I will organize more parties and activities and the whole team of class council will be a team for your benefit.
So, it"s time you made a right choice and hold your own(16) bright future in your own hand. Vote for me, vote for the class.
（原上海市延安中学 高三 Alvin）
本文基本做到了演讲稿的要求。在内容上，谈到了自己有信心担任班长一职的原因；在格式上，有开头的问候和结尾的感谢，同时也体现出了和听众的交流。如： claim that I am your wise choice for the position另外，文中写道： When you choose me as your monitor, you choose a promising and different school life。
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen!
My name is Zhanghua. I"m glad to have this opportunity to introduce myself and fight for your support to be class president.
Responsible, sociable, and easy-going in nature, I like class work and enjoy serving others. Meanwhile, I have wide interests. Singing and guitar, basketball and table tennis are all on my list. Being a good listener, I am always open to different opinions.
It is true that I have never been a monitor, but I will be more creative without being influenced by the conventional patterns.
With your vote, here are some of the things I plan to accomplish during my term.
Being a student myself, I am fully aware that studies take top priority. So first of all, I will create an academic atmosphere so that no one may feel left behind.
Secondly, I will serve as a bridge between the teachers and students. Thus our teachers will be able to help us in a better and more efficient way.
Finally, class meetings and parties will be held frequently for us to communicate, to share and to enhance understandings. We can relax and then get ready to embrace tough study again.
Much remains to be done and it"s time for the change. I am the right person for this great occasion. And your support and vote will be the power.
环境问题涉及所有公众，所以环境问题的解决也在每个个体。你将代表班级在升旗仪式上发言，主题为“The Environmentalism for Everyone”，完成习作，字数200左右。